It might not be legal to do so in your state, but if you've trapped a squirrel and wish to relocate it, you should keep a few things in mind. First, bring the squirrel at least five miles from
the capture site, preferably ten. Otherwise, there's a good chance that it will track its way back and cause the same problems as before. Second, don't leave the animal in the cage for too
long - this is a stressful time and the animal becomes dehydrated. You can give it water through a hose if it's been trapped for a while. Don't bother with food, it's not interested in eating. Maybe wet food, like orange slices, will do.
Third, be careful when handling the cage, and don't
stick your fingers inside the bars. Be careful when releasing the animal - it won't attack you, because its primary concern is to get away as quickly as possible. But don't compromise your
safety by cornering the animal when it has access to bite you, which it would never do unprovoked, but would do out of self-defense.
NOTE: I have received so many requests for professional help with squirrel relocation, that I have made this complete listing of hundreds of (link ->)
professional squirrel removal experts who I trust, serving every city in the USA.
What type of area to relocate to? First of all, laws may prohibit the release on public lands. As for what area is best for the animal, that's a matter of debate. A lot of people think the squirrel
should be taken out to "the woods". Many people suggest an undeveloped area with water sources nearby. Still
other people argue that animals caught in urban or suburban areas are used to such environments and will fare better in such areas - but they will probably cause the same problems they caused in your area. I
think that relocation is hard on animals, no matter where they go. They are used to their home territory.
What about baby squirrels? I mention on my home page relocating babies if you have their mother. A rehabber gave me this advice: "As far as releasing babies after the mother bolts, I would not recommend that unless the babies are mobile on their own and even then, if you have two traps of animals, release the
babies first, then the mother/babies. The tiny ones are sometimes abandoned if the mother is inexperienced so I would add that people should check the release site daily until they
are sure the babies have been retrieved. Encourage people to leave the babies in their yard because the mothers (both squirrel and squirrel) have alternate den sites already in reserve.
And then fix their house. Also, when leaving helpless orphans as bait, they need a heat source. Double bagged hot water (zip lock bags) or a jar of hot water that the babies can move
toward for warmth will usually work, though monitoring is required to make sure the mother has come back for them which can take more than a day if her alternate is a long distance
away. Squirrels take them one at a time but won't touch them if they are cold."
Another rehabber suggested that perhaps a squirrel box could be built on the property, and the animals released there, after the main house and attic are sealed and secure.
Here is her whole letter:
The problem that relocating a squirrel is that if they are taken
to a area that is already "full" of squirrels, that one will get run off. Then there is the problem with relocating a mom with babies. If she is just
let go, she has no place to take her babies to once they are released at
the new site. I know most squirrel moms are very good mothers and are by
far better than us rehabbers ever could be (even though some of us don't
like to admit that.. lol) but I guess you see my dilemma with this.
There are times when the people do relocate them, but they don't stop and
think about where they are relocating them to and what type of environment
they are releasing them in, especially if they are releasing a mom with
babies. It would be like taking them out of their house with their kids
and dumping them in a new location with no home.
Like I said, I slept on this and tried to come up with a suggestion, but
just couldn't. What I try to suggest to people is to try to make their
attic as unlivable from the squirrels perspective as possible, i.e.
lights at night, loud music.. etc., but at the same time to build them a
nesting box, which I have plans for on the website and place it in a tree
in their yard, and hopefully the mom will move her babies to that
nestbox. Then they can repair the entrance/exit holes into their attic to
keep others from moving in.
Another rehabber that I talked to offered this advice:
I do differ with your assessment of a squirrels ability to move their young. They have rodent teeth and it's very hard if not impossible for a mama squirrel to relocate her young, with the possible exception of when they are newborns. Most certainly, after that size, the squirrels have to stay where they are until they are old enough to move themselves. Also, when I release young squirrels after rehab during cooler weather, I make sure there will be at least a week minimum of acceptable weather before they would need to find shelter. I would think it would take a mom that long or longer to set up a new drey since hers would have to be much thicker and stronger if babies were involved.
About the only safe advice I have (safe for the squirrel and babies, not necessarily humans!) is to bring the whole batch to a licensed wildlife rehabber and see if they can set up an arrangement for the entire litter (including mom) until the babies are old enough to be released with mom. I usually try to have the homeowners locate all of the squirrel entrances right away, but then wait until the babies are old enough to
be going in and out by themselves and then use a one way door arrangement to get them out, after which they fix the holes. Read about What should I do with a squirrel after I catch it?